Bhagavad Gita: 10. Manifestation Of The Absolute


Manifestation Of The Absolute

The Supreme Lord said: O Arjuna, listen once again to My supreme word that I shall speak to you, who are very dear to Me, for your welfare. (10.01)

God is the origin of everything
Neither the celestial controllers (Devas), nor the greats ages know My origin because I am the origin of all Devas and great sages also. (10.02) One who knows Me as the unborn, the beginning less, and the Supreme Lord of the universe, is considered wise among the mortals and becomes liberated from the bondage of Karma.(10.03) Discrimination, Self-knowledge, non-delusion, forgiveness, truthfulness, control over the mind and senses, tranquility, pleasure, pain, birth, death, fear, fearlessness, nonviolence, calmness, contentment, austerity, charity, fame, ill fame --- these diverse qualities in human beings arise from Me alone. (10.04-05) The seven great sages, four Sanakas, and fourteen Manus, from whom all the creatures of the world were born, originated from My potential energy. (10.06)One who truly understands My manifestations and yogic powers, is united with Me by unswerving devotion. There is no doubt about it. (10.07) I am the origin of all. Everything emanates from Me. Understanding this, the wise adore Me with love and devotion.(10.08) My devotees remain ever content and delighted. Their minds remain absorbed in Me and their lives surrendered unto Me. They always enlighten each other by talking about Me. (10.09)

God gives knowledge to His devotees
I give knowledge and understanding of meta physical science --- to those who are ever united with Me and lovingly adore Me --- by which they come to Me.(10.10) I, who dwell within their inner psyche as consciousness, destroy the darkness born of ignorance by the shining lamp of transcendental knowledge as an act of compassion for them. (10.11)

Arjuna said: You are the Supreme Being, the Supreme Abode, the Supreme Purifier, the Eternal Divine Being, the primal God, the unborn, and the omnipresent. All sages have thus acclaimed You. The divine sage Nārada, Asita, Devala,Vyāsa, and You Yourself tell me that. (10.12-13)

Nobody can know the real nature of Reality
O Krishna, I believe all that You have told me to be true. O Lord, neither the celestial controllers nor the demons fully understand Your real nature. (See also 4.06)(10.14) O Creator and Lord of all beings, God of allcelestial rulers, Supreme person, and Lord of the universe, You alone know Yourself by Yourself.(10.15) Therefore, You alone are able to fully describe Your own divine glories --- the manifestations --- by which You exist pervading all the universes. (10.16)How may I know You, O Lord, by constant contemplation? In what form of manifestation am I to think of You, O Lord? (10.17) O Lord, explain to me again, in detail, Your yogic power and glory because I am not satiated by hearing Your nectar-like words. (10.18)

Everything is a manifestation of the Absolute
The Supreme Lord said: O Arjuna, now I shall explain to you My prominent divine manifestations because My manifestations are endless. (10.19) O Arjuna, I am the Spirit abiding in the inner psyche of all beings. I am also the beginning, the middle, and the end of all beings.(10.20) I am the sustainer, I am the radiant sun among the luminaries, I am the supernatural controllers of wind, I am the moon among the stars. (10.21) I am the Vedas, I am the celestial rulers, I am the mind among the senses, I am the consciousness in living beings. (10.22) I am Lord Shiva, I am the god of wealth, I am the god of fire, and the mountains. (10.23) I am the priest and the army general of the celestial controllers, O Arjuna. I am the ocean among the bodies of water. (10.24) I am sage Bhrigu among the great sages; I am the monosyllable cosmic sound, OM, among the words; I am the silent repetition of mantra (Japa) among the spiritual disciplines; and I am the Himalaya among the mountains.(10.25)

A brief description of divine manifestations
I am the holy fig tree among the trees, Nārada among the sages, and I am all other celestial rulers. (10.26) Know Me as the celestial animal among the animals and the King among men. I am the thunderbolt among weapons, and I am Cupid for procreation. (10.27-28) I am the water god and the manes. I am the controller of death. I was that great devotee of Mine, Prahlāda. I am death among the healers, lion among the beasts, and the king of birds among birds. (10.29-30) I am the wind among the purifiers and Lord Rāma among the warriors. I am the crocodile among the sea creatures and the holy Gangā river among the rivers. (10.31) I am the beginning, the middle, and the end of all creation, O Arjuna. Among knowledge I am knowledge of the supreme Self. I am logic of the logician. (10.32) Iam the letter ‘A’ among the alphabets. I am the dual compound among the compound words. I am the endless time. I am the sustainer of all, and have faces on all sides(or I am omniscient). (10.33) I am the all-devouring death and also the origin of future beings. I am the seven goddesses or guardian angels presiding over the seven qualities --- fame, prosperity, speech, memory, intellect, resolve, and forgiveness. (10.34) I am Brihatsāma among the Vedic hymns. I am Gāyatri mantra among the Vedic mantras. I am November-December among the months, I am the spring among the seasons. (10.35) I am gambling of the cheats, splendor of the splendid, victory of the victorious, resolution of the resolute, and goodness of the good. (10.36)

I am Krishna among the Vrishni family, Arjuna among the Pāndavas, Vyāsa among the sages, and Ushanā among the poets. (10.37) I am the power of rulers, the statesmanship of the seekers of victory, I am silence among the secrets, and the Self-knowledge of the knowledgeable. (10.38) I am the origin of all beings, OArjuna. There is nothing, animate or inanimate, that can exist without Me. (See also 7.10 and 9.18) (10.39)

The manifest creation is a very small fraction ofthe Absolute
There is no end of My divine manifestations, O Arjuna. This is only a brief description by Me of the extent of My divine manifestations. (10.40) Whatever is endowed with glory, brilliance, and power --- know that to be a manifestation of a very small fraction of My splendor.(10.41) What is the need for this detailed knowledge, OArjuna? I continually support the entire universe by a small fraction of My divine power (YogaMāyā). (10.42)